October 23 2015
“I AM HIS MOTHER” Pg.19
My Son was in The Treatment Center, Lantana Fl. He was there for Forty Five Days. I had visited him every chance I could get. He told me that, they work on a Reward System. He liked therapy very much and as he was getting better. He looked and acted so differently. I had said to My Son,
“It is so nice to meet you, You are a wonderful Man.”
What is the role of medications in treating substance abusing offenders?
Medications can be an important component of effective drug abuse treatment for offenders. By allowing the brain to function more normally, they enable the addicted person to leave behind a life of crime and drug abuse. Although some jurisdictions have found ways to successfully implement medication therapy, addiction medications are underused in the treatment of drug abusers within the criminal justice system, despite evidence of their effectiveness.
Medications can be an important component of effective drug abuse treatment for offenders.
Effective medications have been developed for treating addiction to opiates/heroin and alcohol:
Opiates/Heroin. Long-term opiate abuse results in a desensitization of the brain’s opiate receptors to endorphins, the body’s natural opioids. Opioid agonist/partial agonist medications, which act at the same receptors as heroin, morphine, and endorphins, tend to be well tolerated and can help an individual remain in treatment. For example, methadone, an opiate agonist, reduces the craving that otherwise results in compulsive use of heroin or other illicit opiates. Methadone treatment has been shown to be effective in decreasing opiate use, drug-related criminal behavior, and HIV risk behavior. Buprenorphine is a partial agonist and acts on the same receptors as morphine (a full agonist), but without producing the same level of dependence or withdrawal symptoms. Suboxone is a unique formulation of buprenorphine that contains naloxone, an opioid antagonist that limits diversion by causing severe withdrawal symptoms in addicted users who inject it to get “high.” It has no adverse effects when taken orally, as prescribed.
An alternative approach, in previously detoxified opiate users, is to use an antagonist medication that blocks the effects of opiates. Naltrexone has been available for more than 2 decades, but poor compliance in the face of severe cravings and addiction has undermined its benefits. An extended-release injectable formulation of naltrexone (Vivitrol) was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating opioid addiction. Vivitrol requires dosing every month rather than daily, which stands to improve treatment adherence.
Alcohol. Disulfiram (also known as Antabuse) is an aversion therapy that induces nausea if alcohol is consumed. Acamprosate, a medication that helps reduce alcohol craving, works by restoring normal balance to the brain’s glutamate neurotransmitter system. Naltrexone (and now Vivitrol), which blocks some of alcohol’s pleasurable effects and alcohol craving, is also approved by the FDA for treatment of alcohol abuse.
12-Step Facilitation Therapy (Alcohol, Stimulants, Opiates)
Twelve-step facilitation therapy is an active engagement strategy designed to increase the likelihood of a substance abuser becoming affiliated with and actively involved in 12-step self-help groups, thereby promoting abstinence. Three key ideas predominate: (1) acceptance, which includes the realization that drug addiction is a chronic, progressive disease over which one has no control, that life has become unmanageable because of drugs, that willpower alone is insufficient to overcome the problem, and that abstinence is the only alternative; (2) surrender, which involves giving oneself over to a higher power, accepting the fellowship and support structure of other recovering addicted individuals, and following the recovery activities laid out by the 12-step program; and (3) active involvement in 12-step meetings and related activities. While the efficacy of 12-step programs (and 12-step facilitation) in treating alcohol dependence has been established, the research on its usefulness for other forms of substance abuse is more preliminary, but the treatment appears promising for helping drug abusers sustain recovery.
MY Husband & I were truly proud of him. Our Son was, So gracious and kind. He Worries about everyone and tries to help each person that, he connected with.
When he was ready they, moved him into a Half Way House. I wrote to the owner.
Hello Mr. Russell,
This has been the most amazing journey for our family. You, have taken our broken child and made him whole again. G-d has given you the gift of healing broken children, and we were so blessed when our Son came to, The Treatment Center that you created.
Thank you from the bottom of our hearts. It is truly wonderful when you look at your child that has suffered from an addiction, that you as a Parent find yourself so helpless, to see your Child come back to life and he is able to smile and say,
I Love YOU Mom & Dad.
G-d Bless You
I had received a beautiful letter from Mr. Russell. We will be forever be grateful to him.
Our Children that are going through this transformation, Need so much love. They need to move slowly into a world, that is not to fond of what they have done. No matter what has happened, we as Parents can throw them to the wind. Or we can do, so much to help our Child be reacquainted with the world.
“A World that is so different than, the World they were used to!”